HUD 232 Glossary
This is a glossary of common terms for HUD 232 and HUD 232/223(f) loans.
What are Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (UFAS)?
The Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards, or UFAS, are a series of rules that establish the minimum elements required to comply with federal accessibility standards for handicapped individuals.
What is Residential Care?
Residential care is defined as long-term care for senior citizens in a residential setting.
What are Replacement Reserves?
Replacement reserves are funds that are earmarked for replacing building components and equipment which will wear out over time.
What is a Skilled Nursing Facility?
Skilled nursing facilities are state-licensed, long-term care facilities that offer round-the-clock care for residents dependent on nursing care.
What is a Senior Housing?
Senior housing is a general term denoting housing suitable for older adults. This type of housing emphasizes safety and accessibility. Options range from round-the-clock care facilities to independent living communities. HUD 232 loans can finance many types of senior housing facilities, but facili
What is Underwriting?
Underwriting is the lender’s process of determining if a borrower meets their criteria for a loan.
What is a Nursing Home?
A nursing home is a residential care facility for elderly individuals who cannot be cared for at home, but who don’t need hospital care.
What is Rehabilitation?
Rehabilitation is defined as the tools, materials, labor, and other costs associated with improving buildings, excluding routine and/or minor repairs.
What is the ORCF (Office of Residential Healthcare Facilities)?
The Office of Residential Healthcare Facilities, or ORCF, is a subdivision of the Office of Healthcare programs, or OHP, that oversees HUD-insured healthcare financing programs, like the HUD 232 loan program.
What is Prepayment?
Prepayment is paying off a loan balance before maturity (the end of the loan term).
What is Recourse?
If a loan is recourse and borrower defaults (fails to repay a loan), the lender can seize both the collateral used in securing the loan and the borrower’s assets which are not used as collateral.
What is NOI (Net Operating Income)?
NOI, or net operating income, is calculated by taking a property’s gross income and subtracting reasonable operating expenses.
What is Renovation?
Rehabilitation involving 75% or less of a facility or building’s value before rehabilitation.
What is the OHP (Office of Healthcare Programs)?
The Office of Healthcare Programs, or OHP, is a division of HUD’s Office of Housing that administers FHA healthcare programs like the HUD 232 loan program.
What are Non-Recourse Loans?
Non-recourse loans are loans for which, if a borrower defaults, they cannot be held personally liable.
What is MIP (Mortgage Insurance Premium)?
MIPs, or mortgage insurance premiums are annual payments on HUD mortgages, paid at closing and annually.
What is an Interest-Only Fixed-Rate Loan?
An interest-only fixed-rate loan is one in which a borrower pays only interest at a fixed rate and nothing towards the principal of their mortgage loan.
What is the FHA?
The Federal Housing Administration, or FHA, is part of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, is a government agency which operates a range of loan insurance programs, but makes no loans and builds no properties.
Who is Classified as Frail Elderly?
If someone is classified as frail elderly, they are an older adult who cannot perform at least three daily living activities such as bathing, eating, dressing, grooming, or home management activities.
What is Loan-to-Value Ratio (LTV)?
Loan-to-value ratio, or LTV , can be calculated by taking the amount of a loan and dividing it by the value of the underlying asset.
What is the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)?
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, otherwise known as HUD, is a federal government agency that develops, oversees, and executes housing policies, especially regarding affordable and sustainable housing.
What is a HUD-Held Loan?
A HUD-held property is an a property with an FHA-insured loan that is now owned by HUD.
What is Leverage?
Leverage is the concept of financing assets with borrowed money. It can also be defined as the amount of debt used to finance an asset, which is typically used as collateral for the purchase.
What is Loan-to-Cost Ratio (LTC)?
Loan-to-cost ratio, or LTC, is a metric comparing the amount of a project’s financing to its construction costs.
What is a HUD-Approved Lender?
A HUD-Approved lender is one which can offer HUD 232 senior financing and other HUD-insured loans.
What is HUD LEAN?
The HUD LEAN program is a streamlined method of processing HUD 232 applications patterned after Toyota’s operational processes.
What is a Fixed-Rate Mortgage?
Fixed-rate mortgages have with monthly payments with interest rates that do not change.
What is FHA Mortgage Insurance?
FHA mortgage insurance prevents against loan defaults and produces less risk for lenders.
What is Escrow?
In the process of escrow, assets (money, funds, and securities) are held by a third party on behalf of two other parties prior to the completion of a transaction.
What is a Firm Commitment?
A firm commitment, also known as ‘firm commitment underwriting’, is a lender’s promise to enter a loan agreement with a borrower.
What is an FHA-Insured Loan?
FHA-insured loans are mortgages backed by FHA mortgage insurance.
What is a Market Capitalization Rate (Cap Rate)?
A market capitalization rate, or cap rate, is a value that compares different real estate investments.
What is a Disability?
A disability is physical or mental impairment that limits a person’s major life activities.
What is DSCR?
DSCR, or debt service coverage ratio, is a metric used by lenders to determine the risk of providing a loan on an income-generating property.
What are Davis Bacon Wages?
Established by the 1931 Davis-Bacon Act and required by many HUD programs, some public works projects must pay workers the local prevailing wages. It is overseen by HUD’s Office of Labor Relations Davis-Bacon compliance division.
What is Appraised Value?
The appraised value is is the assessed value of a property at a certain point in time-based on the opinion of a qualified appraiser.
What is Alzheimer's?
Alzheimer’s is degenerative brain disease which can lead to memory loss, speech imbalance, confusion/hallucinations, mood swings, and incontinence. Advanced Alzheimer’s patients often require 24-hour care. HUD 232 and 232/223(f) loans can finance memory care facilities, which specifically cater to A
What is a Continuing Care Retirement Community (CCRC)?
Combining independent living, assisted living and skilled nursing homes, Continuing Care Retirement Communities, or CCRCs, seek to meet residents’ needs at each life stage. A resident may enter the facility in independent living, but later move to assisted living according to their changing needs.
What is a Board and Care Facility?
Board and care facilities are non-medical alternatives to assisted living and independent living communities. These facilities room, board, and 24-hour care, but do not provide nursing and medical care.
What is a Default?
A default is a failure to comply with mortgage terms, make payments, or perform other obligations stated in the mortgage.
What is an Accessible Route?
An accessible route is an unobstructed path connecting all accessible features, elements, and spaces of buildings, facilities, and sites. An accessible route allows a person by with physical disabilities to access all areas of the property.
What is an Assisted Living Facility?
An assisted living facility is licensed community that provides assistance with daily living activities. On-site medical personnel assist residents with medications, getting dressed, bathing, and social activities.
What is Accessibility?
If a facility or property is accessible, its public or common use areas can be used by people with physical disabilities. In general, properties funded with HUD 232 or HUD 232/223(f) loans must adhere to ADA accessibility requirements.
What is Assumability?
Assumability is the ability to transfer an outstanding mortgage and its terms from the current owner to a buyer, preventing the new buyer from needing to obtain a new mortgage.
What is the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act)?
The Americans with Disabilities Act, or ADA, is a 1990 federal law prohibiting discrimination against Americans with disabilities. The law is designed to ensure that disabled individuals are provided the same opportunities available to those without disabilities.
What is Adult Day Care?
Adult day care is a form of non-residential care for elderly adults who are physically and mentally challenged. This type of care can be daily, weekly, or part-time and often includes social activities.